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ITS World Congress 2021 Digital Parking Management

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LBV is creating the parking of tomorrow with sensors and a digital dashboard

Bunte Darstellung von Autos auf einer Straße mit gekennzeichneter Park-Sensorik. Parking Management in Hamburg – current challenges

Digital Parking Management

Digital Parking Management is the umbrella term used to designate two projects initiated by the Landesbetrieb Verkehr (LBV) of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, each of which focuses on the digitalisation of parking space management. Sensors play a key role in both projects. As part of the Digital Parking project run by Deutsche Telekom in conjunction with LBV, they have been installed at locations around Hamburg over the past few years, creating a network of parking sensors. These sensors are connected to their backend system using the Narrow Band Internet of Things (NB-IoT) mobile communication standard. In this way the occupancy data from the parking spaces can be relayed from the sensors to a digital dashboard, enabling parking space managers to track usage and spare capacity in real time. 

Darstellung von einem Parkplatz mit einer Parksensorik. Parking sensors from Deutsche Telekom

Sensor-based identification of parking space usage is also a component of the second project – "Future of Parking" Living Lab – which focuses on the digitalisation of parking space oversight. It is deployed in the management of loading zones and parking spaces for disabled drivers. Using the dashboard, parking space managers can monitor available capacity in real time and, based on this and with application of VIATO P technology, ensure an efficient level of parking space management that reflects drivers' real needs.

Darstellung einer Frau mit Smartphone und einer digitalen Karte. Data-driven parking management via a digital dashboard

Both projects – "Digital Parking" and "Future of Parking" Living Lab – have been created in close cooperation between LBV and Deutsche Telekom, with the two partners still involved in its ongoing evolution. At the ITS World Congress, LBV is presenting them to the public under the title "Digital Parking Management". By the time the trade fair opens its doors, a total of 1,000 parking sensors will have been installed at various locations in Hamburg, 40 of which are specifically devoted to special needs (parking for people with disabilities and parking in loading zones). 

Essentially, the parking sensors installed within the Digital Parking Management project perform three functions:

  1. The real-time data obtained by the above-mentioned sensors produces a more accurate picture of current parking space usage, enabling the city's parking space team to manage parking space more efficiently. With the help of the geodata, the planning, organisation and execution of parking space management can be performed efficiently and in line with actual requirements. 
  2. Accumulating parking data over an extended period increases the accuracy of future forecasts on parking space usage. This forecast data is extremely important for the areas of transport planning and development.
  3. Furthermore, the data from the Digital Parking Ma¬na¬ge¬ment project can be used as a stepping stone towards the full digitalisation of parking space management. The potential for importing the data pool into existing software applications, e.g. VIATO P, is one of the project's key benefits.
Darstellung von parkenden Autos und einem Signal zur Parkkontrolle. Parking space management of the future

Since 1 July 2020, LBV has been part of Hamburg's Ministry of Transport and Mobility Transition – whose core mission is defined in its name: the long-term transformation of urban mobility with the goal of creating a modern, digital and therefore sustainable transportation system. This transformation will take place across multiple fields, including driverless vehicles, the automation of transportation systems, and parking space management – an area for which LBV has responsibility. And Hamburg is facing major challenges in parking space management: a constant increase in new cars on the road coupled with a steady reduction in available parking spaces; rising levels of parking search traffic; regular parking violations and, last but not least, stringent privacy legislation. The LBV's Digital Parking Management project is the direct response to the Ministry of Transport and Mobility Transition's calls for transformative action. The use of parking sensors and the storage of the data they collect drive the Ministry's digitalisation program, and help to optimise parking space management, enabling Hamburg to master the above-mentioned challenges effectively and appropriately.

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